Nutrition Eggs

Eggs and Protein

Eggs are an excellent source of protein. Egg protein has a high value of the essential amino acids needed by the human body. Over 12% of the weight of the egg is protein. Although the protein is more concentrated around the yolk, there is in fact more protein in the albumen (the white part of an egg).

Eggs and Fat

Over 11% of the egg is fat. The fat of an egg is found nearly entirely in the yolk. There is less than .05% fat in the albumen.

Eggs and Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance which is essential to the structure and function of all cells in the body. Cholesterol is a raw material for the fatty lubricants that help keep the skin supple.

Eggs and Vitamins

The egg is a good source of all of the B vitamins, plus it contains the fat-soluble vitamin A. Eggs also provide useful amounts of vitamin D, and some vitamin E as well.

Eggs and Minerals

Eggs are an excellent source of iodine. The egg provides a significant amount of zinc. Eggs also contain significant amounts of iron which is a vital ingredient of red blood cells. The USDA offers information on eggs as well.

Energy value of eggs

The consumption of one egg per day contributes around 3% of the average energy requirement of an adult man, and 4% for an adult woman. The nutrition egg white along with the high levels of protein, vitamins, and minerals, as well as low saturated fat content, eggs are a valuable part of a healthy diet.